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CSS Extension Prefixes tutorials

  • CSS vendor prefixes or CSS browser prefixes are a way for browser makers to add support for new CSS features in a sort of testing and experimentation period.

  • Unlike (X)HTML, CSS makes it easy for browser vendors to extend the specification, as newly introduced keywords and property names that start with a hyphen “-" or underscore“_" are considered vendor-specific extensions.

  • The syntax is -vendoridentifier-newproperty or_vendoridentifier-newproperty, though in practice the hyphenated names appear to be the only extensions in use.

  • As an example, -moz is used to prefix Mozilla features like -mozborder-radius.

  • A list of prefixes that are commonly seen is shown in the following table.

 

Prefix

Organization

Example

Notes

-ms-

Microsoft

-ms-interpolation-mode

Some older proprietary CSS features found in Internet Explorer are not prefixed inany way.

-moz-

Mozilla Foundation

-moz-border-radius

This applies to all Gecko rendering engine–based

browsers such as Firefox.

-o-

Opera

-o-text-overflow

Opera also supports the-xv- prefix for experimental voice support for aural style

sheet properties like -xvvoice-family.

-webkit

Webkit

-webkit-box-shadow

This applies to all WebKit engine–based browsers suchas Apple’s Safari and GoogleChrome.

-wap-

WAP

-wap-

Used for the WAP forum for mobile browsers.

 

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