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History of Internet tutorials

  • Initially in 1969 Internet was “Pentagon's" military project. It was designed by USA, and was called ARPAnet. [ARPA - Advance Research Project Agency].

  • Their initial intention was to develop, reliable communication network for military use that would not get disrupted in any case. This aim was achieved by splitting the data into small packets, which used to take different routes to their destination.

  • It began in a modest way with just 4 computers connection i.e. one computer in California and three in Utah.

  • In approximately 2 years, ARPAnet had 2 dozen sites. By 1981 it increased up to 200+ sites.

  • In 1982, the Internet Protocol Suite (TCP/IP) was standardized and consequently, the concept of worldwide network of interconnected TCP/IP networks, called INTERNET was introduced.

  • In 1990, ARPAnet was officially disbanded; in 1995 the internet was commercialized when NSFNET was decommissioned.

  • To share the research work, software and hardware resources, USA military allowed Universities to join the network, from where Students caught up with it, and today 90% of computers all round the world are connected via Internet.

  • In late 90’s commercial organization began to recognize the importance of such network. They developed new features to offer Web technologies like E-mail, online Chat and E-commerce and many such things on their web site.

  • The development in 1993 of the graphical browser Mosaic by Marc Andreessen and his team at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) gave the protocol its big boost. Later, Andreessen moved to become the brains behind Netscape Corp, which produced the most successful graphical type of browser and serve until Microsoft declared war and developed its Microsoft Internet Explorer.

  • Microsoft's full scale entry into the browser, server, and Internet Service Provider market completed the major shift over to a commercially based Internet. The release of Windows 98 in June 1998 with the Microsoft browser.

  • Another trend that is rapidly affecting web designers is the growth of smaller devices to connect to the Internet. Small tablets, pocket PCs, smart phones, eBooks reader, game machines, and even GPS devices are now capable of tapping into the web on the go,

  • As the Internet has become ubiquitous, faster, and increasingly accessible to non-technical communities, social networking and collaborative services have grown rapidly, enabling people to communicate and share interests in many more ways. Sites like Facebook, Twitter, Linked-In, YouTube, Flickr, Second Life, delicious, blogs, wikis, and many more let people of all ages rapidly share their interests of the moment with others everywhere.

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