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HTML Interview Questions and Answers Part 1

1.What is HTML?

  • HTML, or HyperText Markup Language, is a Universal language which allows an individual using special code to create web pages to be viewed on the Internet.

  • You can view HTML pages in two ways:

  • One view is their appearance on a Web browser, just like this page -- colors, different text sizes, graphics.

  • The other view is called "HTML Code" -- this is the code that tells the browser what to do.

 

2.What is a tag?

  • In HTML, a tag tells the browser what to do. When you write an HTML page, you enter tags for many reasons -- to change the appearance of text, to show a graphic, or to make a link to another page.

 

3.What is the simplest HTML page?

  • HTML Code:

 

<HTML>

<HEAD>

<TITLE>This is my page title! </TITLE>

</HEAD>

<BODY>

This is my message to the world!

</BODY>

</HTML>

 

  • In Browser Display:
    This is my message to the world!

 

4.How do I create frames? What is a frameset?

  • Frames allow an author to divide a browser window into multiple (rectangular) regions.

  • Multiple documents can be displayed in a single window, each within its own frame.

  • Graphical browsers allow these frames to be scrolled independently of each other, and links can update the document displayed in one frame without affecting the others.

  • You can't just "add frames" to an existing document. Rather, you must create a frameset document that defines a particular combination of frames, and then display your content documents inside those frames. The frameset document should also include alternative non-framed content in a NOFRAMES element.

  • The HTML 4 frames model has significant design flaws that cause usability problems for web users. Frames should be used only with great care.

 

 

5.How can I include comments in HTML?

  • Technically, since HTML is an SGML application, HTML uses SGML comment syntax.

  • However, the full syntax is complex, and browsers don't support it in its entirety anyway.

  • Therefore, use the following simplified rule to create HTML comments that both have valid syntax and work in browsers:
    An HTML comment begins with "<!--", ends with "-->", and does not contain "--" or ">" anywhere in the comment.

  • The following are examples of HTML comments:

  1. <!-- This is a comment. -->


6.What is a Hypertext link?

  • A hypertext link is a special tag that links one page to another page or resource. If you click the link, the browser jumps to the link's destination.

 

7.How comfortable are you with writing HTML entirely by hand?

  • Very. I donít usually use WYSIWYG.

  • The only occasions when I do use Dreamweaver are when I want to draw something to see what it looks like, and then Iíll usually either take that design and hand-modify it or build it all over again from scratch in code.

  • I have actually written my own desktop HTML IDE for Windows (itís called Less Than Slash) with the intention of deploying it for use in web development training.

  • If has built-in reference features, and will autocomplete code by parsing the DTD you specify in the file. That is to say, the program doesnít know anything about HTML until after it parses the HTML DTD you specified. This should give you some idea of my skill level with HTML.

 

8.What is everyone using to write HTML?

  • Everyone has a different preference for which tool works best for them.

  • Keep in mind that typically the less HTML the tool requires you to know, the worse the output of the HTML.

  • In other words, you can always do it better by hand if you take the time to learn a little HTML.

 

9.What is a DOCTYPE? Which one do I use?

  • According to HTML standards, each HTML document begins with a DOCTYPE declaration that specifies which version of HTML the document uses.

  • Originally, the DOCTYPE declaration was used only by SGML-based tools like HTML validators, which needed to determine which version of HTML a document used (or claimed to use).

  • Today, many browsers use the document's DOCTYPE declaration to determine whether to use a stricter, more standards-oriented layout mode, or to use a "quirks" layout mode that attempts to emulate older, buggy browsers.

 

10.How do I align a table to the right (or left)?

  • You can use <TABLE ALIGN="right"> to float a table to the right. (Use ALIGN="left" to float it to the left.) Any content that follows the closing </TABLE> tag will flow around the table.

  • Use <BR CLEAR="right"> or <BR CLEAR="all"> to mark the end of the text that is to flow around the table, as shown in this example:

  • The table in this example will float to the right.

<table align="right">...</table>

  • This text will wrap to fill the available space to the left of (and if the text is long enough, below) the table.
    <br clear="right">

  • This text will appear below the table, even if there is additional room to its left.

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