Software Testing

1. Software Testing Intro 2. What is Testing 3. Why Software Testing necessary 4. Role of Testing 5. General Testing Principles 6. Types of Software Testing 7. Load,Performance & Stress Test 8. Software Development Process 9. Project/System Life Cycle 10. Difference between terms 11. Manual V/s Automated Testing 12. Economic of Bug/Error/Fault 13. Fundamental Test Process 14. Software Testing Tools 15. Intro.to HP- QTP 16. Installing QTP 9.2 17. Ex.01 Evaluating AUT 18. Ex.01 Answer 19. Ex.02 Learning AUT 20. QTP 9.2 / 10 21. QTP Window Layout 22. Test Object Model 23. Applying Test Object Model 24. Object SPY & Object Properties 25. Designing Test 26. Ex.03 Record & Running a Test 27. Ex.03 Answer 28. Saving a Test 29. Printing a Test 30. App. Record & Run Options 31. Ex.04 Sample Web Site 32. Web Record & Run options 33. Ex.05 Recording a Test 34. Working with Keyword View 35. Keyword View Description 36. Recorded Object Hierarchy 37. Ex.06 Identifying Objects 38. Ex.06 Answers 39. Keyword view columns 40. Microsoft VBScripting 41. Running VBScript 42. Msgbox Function 43. Variable 44. VBScript and QTP 45. Print statement 46. InputBox function 47. Operator Precedence 48. Cint( ) function 49. Data Types 50. VarType( ) Function 51. TypeName( ) Function 52. Cbool( ) Function 53. Cbyte( ) Function 54. Cdate( ) Function 55. CDbl( ) Function 56. Cint( ) Function 57. CLng( ) Function 58. CSng( ) Function 59. CStr( ) Function 60. If Then - End If statement 61. If Then -Else-End If statement 62. If-Elseif-Else-End If Statement 63. Len( ) Function 64. Left( ) Function 65. Right( ) Function 66. Mid( ) Function 67. Ltrim(), Rtrim(), Trim() Function 68. For-Next Statement 69. Array Function 70. ABS( ) Function 71. ASC( ) Function 72. Chr( ) Function 73. Date( ) Function 74. Now( ) Function 75. DateAdd( ) Function 76. Time( ) Function 77. DateDiff( ) Function 78. InStr( ) Function 79. InStrRev( ) Function 80. StrComp( ) Function 81. Lcase( ) Function 82. Ucase( ) Function 83. Rnd( ) & Randomizer 84. Round( ) Function 85. VBScript Procedure 86. Ex.07 QTP Logon App.Script 87. Ex.08 Synchronization 88. Ex.09 Synchronization I/O 89. Ex.10 Output Parameter 90. Ex.11 Create Input Parameter 91. Check Points 92. Ex.12 Add Standard Checkpoint 93. Ex.13 Checking Objects 94. Ex.14 Page Checkpoint 95. Ex.15 Checking Text 96. Ex.16 Checking Tables 97. Ex.17 Parameterization Test 98. Testing Interview Part1 99. Testing Interview Part2 100.Testing Interview Part3 101.Testing Interview Part4 102.Testing Interview Part5 103.Testing Interview Part6 104.Testing Interview Part7 105.Testing Interview Part8 106.Testing Interview Part9 107.Testing Interview Part10 108.Testing Interview Part11
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Software Testing Interview Questions and Answers Part 2

 

11. What are the types of software?

There are two types of software. There are:

  1. System Software

  2. Application Software

 

 

12. What is the difference between quality assurance and system testing explains in detail with an example?

  • Quality Assurance: It is nothing but building an adequate confidence in the customer that the developed software is acceding to requirements. Entire SDLC comes under QA. It is process oriented.

  • System Testing: It is the process of executing entire system i.e. checking the software as well as parts of system.

 

13. How do you decide when you have ‘tested enough’?

  • When the 90% of requirements are covered, Maximum defects are rectified except (some) low level defects are not covered, customer satisfy that project and time is less, then we are closing the testing.

 

14. What is configuration management?

  • Configuration management is the detailed recording and updating of information for hardware and software components. When we say components we not only mean source code. It can be tracking of changes for software documents such as requirement, design, test cases, etc.

  • When changes are done in adhoc and in an uncontrolled manner chaotic situations can arise and more defects injected. So whenever changes are done it should be done in a controlled fashion and with proper versioning. At any moment of time we should be able to revert back to the old version. The main intention of configuration management is to track our changes if we have issues with the current system. Configuration management is done using baselines.

 

15. What is the difference between Build Management and Release Management? When will conduct build verification and end to end testing?

  • Build Management is managing the issue fixture tasks in the builds whereas Release management is managing the functionality to be incorporated in the Release.

  • Build Verification Test (BVT) is done when the build is first received by the testers. The basic functionality is checked with valid data. This is done to check whether the build is testable or not. This is done by testers.

  • End to End testing is also called system testing. Done by senior test engineers or Test lead.

 

16. What is the difference between latent and masked defects?

  • A latent defect: is an existing defect that has not yet caused a failure because the sets of conditions were never met.

  • A masked defect: is an existing defect that hasn't yet caused a failure just because another defect has prevented that part of the code from being executed.

 

17. Can you explain regression testing and confirmation testing?

  • Regression testing is used for regression defects. Regression defects are defects occur when the functionality which was once working normally has stopped working. This is probably because of changes made in the program or the environment. To uncover such kind of defect regression testing is conducted.

  • If we fix a defect in an existing application we use confirmation testing to test if the defect is removed. It's very possible because of this defect or changes to the application that other sections of the application are affected. So to ensure that no other section is affected we can use regression testing to confirm this.

 

18. What is boundary value analysis (BVA)? What is the use of it?

  • Boundary value analysis is a technique for test data selection. Test engineer chooses the values that lie along the data extremes. It includes max, minimum, just inside, just out side, typical values and error values. Boundary Value Analysis is a technique used for writing the test cases. For example: If a particular field accepts the values from 1 to 1000, then we test that field by entering only 1, 1000, 0, 1001, 999, 2. I.e. we check on the boundaries and then Minimum-1, minimum +1 and maximum+1, maximum-1.

 

19. What is equivalence class partition (ECP)? What is the use of it?

  • Aquaplane nothing but select the valid and valid class’s example as per client requirement the edit box access only

  • 3-5 capital alphabets then we divided in esp. like valid values only A-Z invalid values are a-z and special characters like ^,8<%

 

20. If there is no sufficient time for testing & you have to complete the testing, then what will you do?

  • When I have less time to test the Product then I will take these following steps:

1) Sanity or smoke testing

2) Usability Testing

3) Formal Functionality and GUI Testing

4) Walk through with the Product

 

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