Windows Server 2003

1. WINDOWS SERVER 2003 2. Windows Server 2003 different Versions 3. Hardware requirement for Windows Server 2003 4. HCL - Hardware Compatibility List 5. Keep following points in mind before Upgrade Migrate 6. Upgrade from previous OS 7. WINDOWS SERVER 2003 INSTALLATION 8. Windows Server 2003 Activation 9. MANAGING LICENSING 10. Administrating License Logging Services 11. Managing Software Installation and Maintenance 12. Essential Administration Tools 13. Difference between RAID & WINDOW BACKUP 14. RAID – Redundant Array of Inexpensive DISK 15. Disk Mirroring & Disk Duplexing 16. Disk partition and File System – FAT, FAT32, NTFS 17. Remote Desktop for Administration & Terminal services 19. To connect to Remote Desktop Pc from Client PC do as follow 20. Remote Assistance 21. Difference between RAID & WINDOW BACKUP 22. SYSTEM STATE DATA 23. IP-ADDRESSING and IPV4 24. IPV6 [Internet Protocol Version 6] 25. Signed & Unsigned Driver 26. Hardware Profile 27. CHKDSK.EXE (Check Disk) 28. Disk Defragmenter(DFRG.MSC) 29. Introduction to AD [Active Directory] 30. Difference between WORKGROUP & DOMAIN 31. Operating System that support Active Directory 32. FSMO [Flexible Single Master Operation] 33. GC (GLOBAL CATALOG) Server 34. Site 35. Disk Defragmenter (DFRG.MSC) 36. AD replication 37. AUTHORITATIVE Restore 38. TOOLS to Troubleshoot Active Directory Installation 39. Understanding USER, GROUP & COMPUTER 40.GROUP ACCOUNTS 41. User Profile 42. Roaming User Profile 43. Mandatory User Profile 44. Attrib (Attribute) 45. Taking Ownership 46. Copying and Moving Files and Folders 47. Server Roles for WINDOWS SERVER 2003 48. AVAILABILITY & SECURITY 49. General Server Security Issues 50. OSI MODEL 51. Data Encapsulation 52. TCP/IP or DoD Model 53. Protocol Working at Host to Host (Transport) layer 54. NETWORK MONITOR 55. Internet Information Services 55. Monitoring Tools 54. DNS [Domain Name System] 55. DNS ZONE 56. Remote Access Authentication Process 57. Remote Access
Pr.Pg Next Pg

AD replication tutorials


There are 2 type of site replication. 1) INTRASITE and 2) INTERSITE



  • is site replication with in site. A site may have more than one DC. When any modification is made to one DC. The changes occurred to one DC will be notified to other DCs. When other DCs are ready it will poll replication and then update their information. Usually this replication is fast as it is within LAN that is connected using fast NIC cards.



  • is site replication between multiple sites. As it is traveling at less then LAN speed, so one have to see that the information moves around WAN line is smaller as compare to LAN. When data which has to move over other server if it is more than 50 KB then it is COMPRESSED. Replication DC do not notify changes made to other DC. They will poll only at the schedule time, the default time is once every 15 min, max time limit is 10080 minutes,.

  • For INTERSITE replication it use KCC (Knowledge Consistency Checker) which optimize the replication process. The KCC automatically creates connections between DC and it use one of 2 protocol i.e. IP or SMTP


Force Replication

  • Assume that you are administrator for and your company have office in Mumbai and Delhi. For you have created new users objects for user in You have notified this to admin of Delhi and after an hour Delhi admin says that new users can not logon to domain. You want to make sure that new users can logon as soon as possible.

  • Here you need to force replication from to Because is out-of-date, you need to apply force replication.

    1. Start – Administrative Tools – Active Directory Sites and Services

    2. Select “Sites” and choose “Delhi” (site whose data is out of date)

    3. Expand Server folder

    4. Select NTDS settings on left side of panel

    5. Right click on mumbai-delhi-site-link and click “Replicate now”


Replication Monitor [REPLMON.exe]

  • REPLMON can be installed from “Windows Server 2003” CD - Support Folder – select “SUPTOOLS.MSI”

  • Now Select Start – run – replmon.exe

  • Select – Searched the Directory for the server to Add” will automatically select server, then it will give list all sites, choose which one you want to monitor.

  • It will display schema partition, DNS partition and other detail.

  • You can see list of other domain where replication are done. It shows data and time on right side.

  • To force replication between two computer, right click on computer and choose “Synchronize with this Replication Partner”

  • You can click on Update Automatically feature button, that allows you to specify how often the replication reports should be refreshed.


Rename a Domain

  • Due to change in Location of Domain, Acquisition, Merger, Wrong spelling of domain or Business Restructure case you may need to rename Domain.

  • You can rename Domain only if

  • All Domain Controllers are running Windows 2003

  • The Domain Function level is Windows 2003

  • The Forest Level is also at Windows 2003

  • You must be a member of Domain Admins group

  • You can use RENDOM command to rename Domain.

  • Backup of Active Directory (DC)


  • For BACKUP - Use NTBACKUP and choose SYSTEM STATE Data backup


  • Will restore all data from backup. Then changes made since last backup are replicated from other domain controllers.

  • Restart the system by pressing F8 and choose “Directory Services restore mode”

  • Use the backup wizard (NTBACKUP) to restore the data earlier backed up.

  • Restart Computer after restore is complete.


Pr.Pg border                                              Next Pg