Windows Server 2003

1. WINDOWS SERVER 2003 2. Windows Server 2003 different Versions 3. Hardware requirement for Windows Server 2003 4. HCL - Hardware Compatibility List 5. Keep following points in mind before Upgrade Migrate 6. Upgrade from previous OS 7. WINDOWS SERVER 2003 INSTALLATION 8. Windows Server 2003 Activation 9. MANAGING LICENSING 10. Administrating License Logging Services 11. Managing Software Installation and Maintenance 12. Essential Administration Tools 13. Difference between RAID & WINDOW BACKUP 14. RAID Redundant Array of Inexpensive DISK 15. Disk Mirroring & Disk Duplexing 16. Disk partition and File System FAT, FAT32, NTFS 17. Remote Desktop for Administration & Terminal services 19. To connect to Remote Desktop Pc from Client PC do as follow 20. Remote Assistance 21. Difference between RAID & WINDOW BACKUP 22. SYSTEM STATE DATA 23. IP-ADDRESSING and IPV4 24. IPV6 [Internet Protocol Version 6] 25. Signed & Unsigned Driver 26. Hardware Profile 27. CHKDSK.EXE (Check Disk) 28. Disk Defragmenter(DFRG.MSC) 29. Introduction to AD [Active Directory] 30. Difference between WORKGROUP & DOMAIN 31. Operating System that support Active Directory 32. FSMO [Flexible Single Master Operation] 33. GC (GLOBAL CATALOG) Server 34. Site 35. Disk Defragmenter (DFRG.MSC) 36. AD replication 37. AUTHORITATIVE Restore 38. TOOLS to Troubleshoot Active Directory Installation 39. Understanding USER, GROUP & COMPUTER 40.GROUP ACCOUNTS 41. User Profile 42. Roaming User Profile 43. Mandatory User Profile 44. Attrib (Attribute) 45. Taking Ownership 46. Copying and Moving Files and Folders 47. Server Roles for WINDOWS SERVER 2003 48. AVAILABILITY & SECURITY 49. General Server Security Issues 50. OSI MODEL 51. Data Encapsulation 52. TCP/IP or DoD Model 53. Protocol Working at Host to Host (Transport) layer 54. NETWORK MONITOR 55. Internet Information Services 55. Monitoring Tools 54. DNS [Domain Name System] 55. DNS ZONE 56. Remote Access Authentication Process 57. Remote Access
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Protocol Working at Host to Host (Transport) layer tutorials


TCP [Transmission Control Protocol]


UDP [User Datagram Protocol]


TCP takes large blocks of information from an application and breaks them into segment. It numbers and sequences each segment so that the destination TCP can put those segments back into the order. After these segments are sent, it waits for an acknowledgement. It resends anything that is not received.


It is connection oriented


It is reliable & accurate


As it checks for error, it is complicated and costly in terms of network overhead.


UDP does not sequence the segment and does not care in which order the segments arrive at the destination. After it sends the segment it forgets about it and do not acknowledge it.



Because does not contact the destination before delivering information to it, it is considered as connectionless protocol.



It is fast but unreliable.


It is simple and does not increase network overhead.



Port Numbers

  • Both TCP and UDP can send data from multiple upper-layer applications at the same time. Port or Socket numbers keep track of different conversations crossing the network at any given time. Well-known port numbers are controlled by the IANA, the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) is responsible for assigning the values used for TCP/IP protocols and ports. Application that do not use well-known port numbers have them randomly assigned for specific range. This random port is referred to as an ephemeral port.


PORT Numbers are as follows

  • Numbers 1 to 1024 are considered Well-known ports

  • Numbers 1025 to 49151 are registered

  • Number 49152 to 65535 are private vendor assigned and are dynamic.




  • File Transfer Protocol (FTP) TCP port 20 for Data

  • File Transfer Protocol (FTP) TCP port 21 for Control

  • TELNET TCP port 23

  • Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) TCP port 25

  • Domain Name System (DNS) TCP port 53 UDP port 53

  • Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (Server) DHCP UDP port 67

  • Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (Client) DHCP UDP port 68

  • Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) UDP port 69

  • Hyper Text Transfer Protocol (HTTP) TCP port 80

  • Windows Product Activation TCP port 80 and 443

  • Post Office Protocol 3 (POP3) TCP port 110

  • Network News Transfer Protocol (NNTP) TCP port 119

  • Remote Procedure Call (RPC) TCP port 135

  • Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) UDP port 161

  • Simple Network Management Protocol Trap UDP port 162

  • Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS) TCT port 443

  • Secure Server Layer (SSL) TCP port 686

  • Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol (L2TP) UDP port 1701

  • Point to Point Tunneling protocol (PPTP) TCP port 1723

  • Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) TCP port 3389


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