Windows Server 2003

1. WINDOWS SERVER 2003 2. Windows Server 2003 different Versions 3. Hardware requirement for Windows Server 2003 4. HCL - Hardware Compatibility List 5. Keep following points in mind before Upgrade Migrate 6. Upgrade from previous OS 7. WINDOWS SERVER 2003 INSTALLATION 8. Windows Server 2003 Activation 9. MANAGING LICENSING 10. Administrating License Logging Services 11. Managing Software Installation and Maintenance 12. Essential Administration Tools 13. Difference between RAID & WINDOW BACKUP 14. RAID – Redundant Array of Inexpensive DISK 15. Disk Mirroring & Disk Duplexing 16. Disk partition and File System – FAT, FAT32, NTFS 17. Remote Desktop for Administration & Terminal services 19. To connect to Remote Desktop Pc from Client PC do as follow 20. Remote Assistance 21. Difference between RAID & WINDOW BACKUP 22. SYSTEM STATE DATA 23. IP-ADDRESSING and IPV4 24. IPV6 [Internet Protocol Version 6] 25. Signed & Unsigned Driver 26. Hardware Profile 27. CHKDSK.EXE (Check Disk) 28. Disk Defragmenter(DFRG.MSC) 29. Introduction to AD [Active Directory] 30. Difference between WORKGROUP & DOMAIN 31. Operating System that support Active Directory 32. FSMO [Flexible Single Master Operation] 33. GC (GLOBAL CATALOG) Server 34. Site 35. Disk Defragmenter (DFRG.MSC) 36. AD replication 37. AUTHORITATIVE Restore 38. TOOLS to Troubleshoot Active Directory Installation 39. Understanding USER, GROUP & COMPUTER 40.GROUP ACCOUNTS 41. User Profile 42. Roaming User Profile 43. Mandatory User Profile 44. Attrib (Attribute) 45. Taking Ownership 46. Copying and Moving Files and Folders 47. Server Roles for WINDOWS SERVER 2003 48. AVAILABILITY & SECURITY 49. General Server Security Issues 50. OSI MODEL 51. Data Encapsulation 52. TCP/IP or DoD Model 53. Protocol Working at Host to Host (Transport) layer 54. NETWORK MONITOR 55. Internet Information Services 55. Monitoring Tools 54. DNS [Domain Name System] 55. DNS ZONE 56. Remote Access Authentication Process 57. Remote Access
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RAID – Redundant Array of Inexpensive DISK tutorials



Strip set






Strip set with parity RAID





is a dynamic volume that content space from one disk upto 32 disk. It write data on one disk till it is full, then it write to other

No fault tolerant & No data redundancy It spreads data in blocks across multiple disks, better Performance. if one disk fails, all data is lost.

disk mirroring, all data is duplicated or ‘written to' a second hard disk. If one of the disks fails, the data still available on the second disk. Full fault tolerant

excellent fault tolerance & good performance. It stores parity information across all disks in the disk array and provides concurrent disk reads & writes

It starts as Mirror RAID-1 of 2 disks. Additional mirrors are added and then striped RAID 0. For each addition of disk, it must be added as PAIR of disk as mirror.

HDD Req.

Min 2, Max 32

Same space not required

Min 2, Max 32 identical volume space required


Identical volume space required

Min 3, Max 32

Identical volume space required

Min 4 (each in pair). Identical space require

Writing speed






Reading speed











If we loss 1 Hdd data can recover

If we lose 1 disk in mirror data can be recover. If we lose both disk in mirror we lose all data.

Investment cost for hdd

No Difference

No Difference

Half Hdd – Half Loss

1 HDD cost lose

Half Hdd loss


Spanned Volume


  • Spanned Volume is a dynamic volume that content space from Two disk upto 32 disk.

  • It writes data on one disk till it is full then it writes to other disk.

  • It gathers free space from many disks and allocates one Volume name.

  • You can create a spanned volume either by extending a simple volume to unallocated space from second disk & multiple disks.

  • There is no fault Tolerance.

  • You can shrink a spanned volume without losing data. In such a case number of disks involved may decrease.

  • You can extend a spanned volume maximum upto 32 disk, include unallocated areas from all disk and this way you can extend Capacity of volume.

  • As you notice in this example of spanned volume, all data is written on disk zero, that is data block number from 1 to 10, after space on disk drive 0 is full, it write data on second disk i.e. disk 1.

  • Biggest Drawback:- There is No Fault Tolerance for Spanned Volumes . Remember that from combine group of any disk, if any disk fail, All Data on Whole Volume could be lost.

  • Personally, I will never recommend implementation of Spanned Volume in live production, without considering Proper data backup and disaster recovery plan.


Striped Volume – RAID 0

  • RAID stands for Redundant Array of Independent Disks, originally Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks

  • Striped Volume is also known as RAID 0 or Strip set without Parity.

  • A striped volume combines unallocated area from multiple hard disks from 2 to 32 into one volume.

  • Data is written alternately on each disk. So first block is written on 0th disk, 2nd on 1st disk, 3rd block on 0th disk and 4th on 1st disk.

  • It provides improved and faster performance for Reading and Writing, by distributing I/O across all disks configured as part of one set.

  • There is no Fault Tolerance.

  • You can delete a striped volume, but you can’t Shrink or Extend volume.

  • Biggest Drawback:- There is No Fault Tolerance for Striped Volumes . Remember that from combine group of any disk, if any disk fail, All Data on Whole Volume will be lost.

  • Striped volume could be used for PAGEFILE.SYS, it gives improved performance. While implementation of Striped volume in live production for data, consider your plan well in advance for proper data backup and disaster recovery.

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