Windows Server 2008

1. WINDOWS SERVER 2008 2. WINDOWS 2008 Editions 3. WINDOWS 2008 Server Core 4. APPROX. COST OF WINDOWS SERVER 2008 5. Upgrade / Migrate 6. Upgrade from previous OS 7. WINDOWS SERVER 2008 INSTALLATION 8. Windows Server 2008 Activation 9. Activation Method 10. RAID 11. BACKUP and RECOVERY 12. Wbadmin 13. BACKUP Utility 14. Windows Recovery Environment 15. Server Roles for WINDOWS SERVER 2008 16. IP-ADDRESSING and IPV4 17. IPV6 18. Remote Desktop Connection 19. Steps for Remote Desktop Pc from Client PC 20. Remote Desktops 21. MANAGING SERVER CORE 22. TERMINAL SERVICES (TS) 23. TERMINAL SERVICES MANAGER 24. MANGAING FILE AND PRINT SERVERS 25. Share Folder 26. Attrib (Attribute) 27. Windows Registry 28. Disk Quotas 29. Disaster Recovery Tools 30. MMC 31. Remote Assistance 32. Signed & Unsigned Driver 33. Hardware Profile 34. CHKDSK.EXE(Check Disk) 35. Disk Defragmenter (DFRG.MSC) 36. ACTIVE DIRECTORY REVIEW 37. Introduction to AD 38. TRUST 39. FSMO 40. GC (GLOBAL CATALOG) Server 41. Site 42. AD replication 43. Backup of Active Directory (DC) 44. Understanding USER, GROUP & COMPUTER 45. Create Local User & Multiple Users 46. GROUP SCOPE 47. Public and Private key encryption 48. Trust concept of CA working 49. ETHERNET CARDS 50. Availability and Security 51. General Server Security Issues 52. OSI MODEL 53. Data Encapsulation 54. TCP/IP or DoD Model 55. Protocol Working at Host to Host (Transport) layer 56. NETWORK MONITOR 57. Internet Information Services 58. Monitoring Tools 59. DNS [Domain Name System] 60. DNS ZONE 61. Remote Access Authentication Process 62. Remote Access Interview Question & Answer part 1 Tutorials Interview Question & Answer part 2 Tutorials Interview Question & Answer part 3 Tutorials Interview Question & Answer part 4 Tutorials Interview Question & Answer part 5 Tutorials Interview Question & Answer part 6 Tutorials Interview Question & Answer part 7 Tutorials
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FSMO [Flexible Single Master Operation] tutorials

  • FSMO role are defined based on AD installation. It keeps integrity of AD database

  • It is called Flexible cause we have Flexibility to transfer role on any DC or ADC, and thereby we can take advantage of Load Balancing.

  • AD is a multi master replication model. Each DC and ADC is Read/Write Capable.

  • Earlier NT model PDC [Primary Domain Controller] was Read/Write Capable while BDC [Backup Domain Controller] was Read only.

  • We have 5 FSMO role. They are grouped in two partition

Forest Wide Masters

Schema Master

Domain Naming Master

Domain Specific Masters

PDC [Primary Domain Controller] emulator

RID [Relative Identifier] master

Infrastructure master


  • It define attributed of object. Each object is based on some class and have attributes assigned to them.

For e.g. USER (Object) class may have attributes such as First name, Last name, email, address, AccountExpires, ….. SID [Security Identifier]

At Run – cmd – WHOAMI /ALL will show SID of object.

  • There can be only one Schema master in entire forest.

  • By default it is loaded on the First DC in the forest.

  • To know or change Schema Master role to another DC

  • Run – MMC – File – Add/Remove Snap in –Again select “ADD”

  • From there select Active Directory Schema Master Role – Add – Close – Ok

  • NOTE:- This role if not found, click on RUN – ADMINPAK.MSI

  • Right click on Active Directory Schema role, Select “Operational Master” and it will show you name of DC where Schema Master is assigned.

  • To change, click in “Change” button and assign it to another DC.

Domain Naming Master

  • It controls the addiction or removal of domains in the forest

  • There is only one domain naming master in a forest.

  • It keeps master database which keeps host of entries of domains name which are already created in domain. It ensures that the namespace is updated for these changes.

  • It keeps database of all domain already in forest so no duplicate name will occur.


  • It manages the integrity of objects moved within the domain and forest.

for e.g. as and when you create any user at any domain, this will check the consistency of Local AD database.

To check or change Infrastructure Master FSMO -

Start – All Programs – Administrative Tool - Active Directory User and computers

Select Domain – Right Click -- Operations Masters


  • It stands for Primary Domain Controller. It emulate PDC in interim mode.

  • When we install AD onto the PDC of NT 4.0 domain, it will automatically become the PDC emulator. SAM on PDC will become AD on DC.

  • when we migrate from PDC to DC, within overnight we cannot migrate rest of all BDC to DC. There for PDC emulator is used to communicate with BDC that are still in an NT 4.0 domain environment.

  • Once NT 4.0 domains are fully upgraded to Windows Server 2003 Domains, then there is no role for PDC Emulator.

To check or change PDC Emulator FSMO -

Start – All Programs – Administrative Tool - Active Directory User and computers

Select Domain – Right Click -- Operations Masters

RID Master

  • It stands for Relative Identifier.

  • When we create any leaf object it is associated with SID (Security Identifier)

  • SID consist of = Domain SID + GUID

  • Domain SID will remain same for every object in domain.

  • GUID (Globally Unique ID) is 128 but unique no that keeps on changing over a network. When you rename the object GUID never changes

  • RID master is responsible to generate unique GUID to avoid duplicate SID.

  • If any account is deleted and then recreated again it will be assigned new SID

You check SID do as follow

Start -- Run -- Cmd

WHOAMI /ALL to check SID of all objects.

  • To check or change RID FSMO -

  • Start – All Programs – Administrative Tool - Active Directory User and computers

  • Select Domain – Right Click -- Operations Masters

Locating FSMO

  • You can determine the current operations master for your logon domain by typing following command at

Start – Run – netdom query fsmo

  • It may give output which list each role owner by its FQDN

  • For e.g. Schema owner

  • Domain Role owner

  • PDC Role

  • RID pool manager

  • Infrastructure owner

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