Windows Server 2008

1. WINDOWS SERVER 2008 2. WINDOWS 2008 Editions 3. WINDOWS 2008 Server Core 4. APPROX. COST OF WINDOWS SERVER 2008 5. Upgrade / Migrate 6. Upgrade from previous OS 7. WINDOWS SERVER 2008 INSTALLATION 8. Windows Server 2008 Activation 9. Activation Method 10. RAID 11. BACKUP and RECOVERY 12. Wbadmin 13. BACKUP Utility 14. Windows Recovery Environment 15. Server Roles for WINDOWS SERVER 2008 16. IP-ADDRESSING and IPV4 17. IPV6 18. Remote Desktop Connection 19. Steps for Remote Desktop Pc from Client PC 20. Remote Desktops 21. MANAGING SERVER CORE 22. TERMINAL SERVICES (TS) 23. TERMINAL SERVICES MANAGER 24. MANGAING FILE AND PRINT SERVERS 25. Share Folder 26. Attrib (Attribute) 27. Windows Registry 28. Disk Quotas 29. Disaster Recovery Tools 30. MMC 31. Remote Assistance 32. Signed & Unsigned Driver 33. Hardware Profile 34. CHKDSK.EXE(Check Disk) 35. Disk Defragmenter (DFRG.MSC) 36. ACTIVE DIRECTORY REVIEW 37. Introduction to AD 38. TRUST 39. FSMO 40. GC (GLOBAL CATALOG) Server 41. Site 42. AD replication 43. Backup of Active Directory (DC) 44. Understanding USER, GROUP & COMPUTER 45. Create Local User & Multiple Users 46. GROUP SCOPE 47. Public and Private key encryption 48. Trust concept of CA working 49. ETHERNET CARDS 50. Availability and Security 51. General Server Security Issues 52. OSI MODEL 53. Data Encapsulation 54. TCP/IP or DoD Model 55. Protocol Working at Host to Host (Transport) layer 56. NETWORK MONITOR 57. Internet Information Services 58. Monitoring Tools 59. DNS [Domain Name System] 60. DNS ZONE 61. Remote Access Authentication Process 62. Remote Access Interview Question & Answer part 1 Tutorials Interview Question & Answer part 2 Tutorials Interview Question & Answer part 3 Tutorials Interview Question & Answer part 4 Tutorials Interview Question & Answer part 5 Tutorials Interview Question & Answer part 6 Tutorials Interview Question & Answer part 7 Tutorials
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GROUP SCOPE tutorials

  • The scope of a group identifies the extent to which the group is applied throughout the domain, tree or forest.

DSADD GROUP – command line tool to add groups

DSMOD GROUP – command line tool to modify groups



Domain local groups can be used to manage access to resources within a SINGLE Domain can include other groups and user and/or computer accounts from Windows Server 2003, Windows 2000 Server, and Windows NT domains.


can include other groups and user and/or computer accounts from only the domain in which the group is defined. Permissions for any domain in the forest can be assigned to Global groups.


can include other groups and user and/or computer accounts from any domain in the domain tree or forest. Universal groups are only available if your domain functional level is set to the Windows 2000 native / Windows Server 2003 domain functional level . It is used to define sets of users or computers that wide permission throughout a domain or forest.


User Profile

  • Every time a user log on to a local computer or domain, a profile is created or retrieved for use during the user’s logon session. User profile are meant to provide a consistent environment for user.

Profile includes:

  • Program specific setting and user security settings

  • Cookies, favorites, history and temporary files for user’s browser account

  • Settings for user desktop including any shortcut, files and folder placed on desktop

  • Shortcut to documents user has recently opened

  • Shortcut to My network Places, Printer, Start Menu & Send to


If a user logs on to single computer, the standard Local User Profile works well

However if user logs on to different computers, it does not work so well.

Local Machine profile are separate from domain profile even on same machine.

Type of Profiles

  • Every computer has a default profile that is stored in

%systemdrive%\Documents and Settings\Default folder

  • If a user logon to a system and does not have existing profile on that system, window creates copy of default profile and store it as the user new profile in

%systemdrive%\Documents and Settings\%UseName% folder on that computer

  • The profile path for Windows NT is %WinDir%\Profiles\%UserName%. If computer was upgraded from Windows NT then profile path will remain in this location only.

There are 3 type of Profiles for user. They are





  • Windows computer have Default User, All Users and User specific local profile.

  • The Default user profile is the template from which new user profiles are created

  • The All user profile extends the user environment based on local configuration and application installed such as MS Office, Corel Draw etc

  • If User logon to A pc his profile is created on A pc, if user logon to B pc his profile is created on B pc.

  • Even in case of Domain environment in AD profile will be created on different PCs

To Copy Profile

My Computer – Control Panel – System – Advance – User Profile – Settings – Copy to

To Delete Profile

My Computer – Control Panel – System – Advance – User Profile – Settings – Delete

2) Roaming User Profile

  • If user logon to different PCs and gets different environment, it will be very difficult specifically for Administrator or Tech assistant.

  • So we use Roaming Profile that is stored on Server Shared folder and is downloaded everytime to computer on logon.

  • Any changes to user environment settings are uploaded to Roaming Profile on server and thereafter rather than downloading entire profile only changes to user profile are downloaded on subsequent logon. However if one keeps big folder on Desktop lets say i386 then it may take very good time to download user profile on network.

To configure Roaming Profile

  • Create Folder on Server – Lets say “Profile” and Share it.

  • Set Sharing Permission – Everyone – Full control

  • Set Security Permission – Everyone – Full control 

  • Now in Active Directory User and Computer –

  • Select User – Property – Profile

  • In user profile set \\\profile\xyzuser

  • To Set profile path for multiple users

  • Select Multiple users and

  • in profile set \\\profile\%UserName%

3) Mandatory User Profile

  • In some case like Class room, Education Institute or Corporate house, you might want to restrict user from making any changes to desktop, icons. This goal can be achieved by using Mandatory User Profile.

  • User with Mandatory Profile can logon to different PCs and gets same desktop settings. Changes are permitted by policy, however changes are not saved and thus lost when user logs off.

  • To do so you need to

  • In Documents and Settings Folder, Select User Folder and change

  • NTUSER.dat to


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