Windows 8

1. Windows 8 2. Module 1 - Installing and Deploying Windows 8. 3. Windows 8 editions. 4. Advantage of 64 bit Processor. 5. Minimum hardware requirement for Windows 8 6. Option for installing Windows 8 7. Installation of Windows 8 8. Upgrading and Migrating to Windows 8 9. What is Upgrading 10. What is Migration 11. Migrating User Data and Settings 12. Migrating using USMT ( User State Migration Tool ) 13. MBR - Master Boot Record 14. GUID - GPT Disk. 15. Disk Management tools. 16. Simple Volume 17. Spanned and Striped Volumes 18. Maintaining Disks, Partitions, and Volumes 19. Disk Quota 20. Device Driver in Windows 8 21. System Restore 22. LAST KNOWN GOOD CONFIGURATION 23. Configure and Trouble shoot Network Connections 24. What is an IPv4 Address 25. Default Gateway 26. Public and Private IPv4 Address 27. IPv6 Network Connectivity 28. IPv4 Address can be assigned by following types 29. Implementing Name Resolution 30. Trouble Shooting Network Connectivity 31. Implementing Wireless Security 32. Wireless network Technologies 33. What is Wireless Broadband? 34. IEEE 802.11 35. Wireless Network Configuration 36. Security Types 37. Implementing Network Security. 38. Configuring Windows Firewall 39. Ports and Application 40. Important Application, Protocol and Port Number 41. Configure Inbound and Outbound Rules 42. Securing Network traffic 43. Configuring Windows Defender 44. Managing File Access 45. NTFS Standard permission for FOLDER 46. Preventing Permission Inheritance 47. Different ways to Share Folder 48. RULE for setting NTFS + SHARE PERMISSION 49. Managing Printers 50. SkyDrive 51. Securing Windows 8 Desktop 52. User Account Types and Rights 53. Windows Authentication Methods 54. Important Security Features in Windows 8 55. Managing EFS Certificates 56. BitLocker 57. Configuring BitLocker To Go 58. UAC - User Account Control 59. Configuring Application. 60. Application Compatibility Issue 61. Resolve Common Application Compatibility Issues 62. Office 365 63. Windows Store 64. LOB (Line Of Business) and Sideloading 65. Configuring Internet Explorer Settings 66. AppLocker 67. Optimizing and Maintaining Windows 8 Client Computers 68. Performance Monitor 69. Commonly used Performance Counters 70. Resource Monitor 71. Managing Reliability of Windows 8 72. Managing Windows 8 Updates 73. Configuring Mobile Computing and Remote Access 74. Tools for Configuring Mobile Computers and Device Setting 75. Configure VPN Access 76. Data encryption 77. VPN Tunneling Protocols 78. Configure Remote Desktop and Remote Assistance 79. Remote Assistance 80. DirectAccess 81. Hyper-V 82. VHD 83. Managing Snapshot 84. Troubleshooting and Recovery Options for Windows 8 85. Enable and configure Windows 7 File Recovery 86. Advance Troubleshoot now option 87. Windows 8 System Restore 88. Using Windows PowerShell
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Enable and configure Windows 7 File Recovery tutorials

  • With Windows 7, you can back up any files on your computer, not only personal files, but program files, system files, and anything else.

  • You can also create full system images that can be used to restore your computer to its current state in the future.


Exercise Windows 7 File Backup and Recovery

  • Press Windows Key or Select Start and type Control Panel or Select Control Panel.

  • In View by Category - Click System and Security link, and then click File History.

  • In File History, click Windows 7 File Recovery.

  • If you want to start fresh backup, click on Change Setting link

  • A new Set up Backup dialog box pops up. Select external hard disk or network share. Click on Save on a network button.

  • Type network share or browse button to select network share where you want to store backup.

  • In network Credentials type username and password who have access on that network location.

  • Click next button.

  • In what do you want to back up? It gives two options. ° Let windows choose (Recommended) option, will backup data files saved in libraries, on the desktop and default windows folder. Select § Let me choose. This option will allow you to select libraries, folders and System image in backup.

  • Click Next button.

  • In What do you want to back up?. It shows you Data files and Computer. Select Check box against the folder that you want to backup.

  • Optional o include a system image of drives: System Reserved (C:), leave it unchecked and click Next button.

  • In Review your backup setting, Click Save Settings and Backup Now button.


Windows 8 Startup Process

  • Let us understand how Windows 8 start and understand following mechanism of starting Windows Operating System

  • POST - Power On Self-Test. When you start any computer, the BIOS perform POST and enable the computer to access peripherals such as display, keyboard, hard disk and so on.

  • The computer uses information in BIOS to locate Boot device priority and locate right hard disk, which contain an MBR (Master Boot Record). The computer calls and Bootmgr.exe loads first. Which then locates and Active Drive partition on sector Zero of the Hard Disk.

  • Bootmgr.exe then reads the BCD file, which is a database of startup configuration information that the hard disk stores in a format similar to registry. BCD gathers information about the machineís installed operating system. Bootmgr.exe switches the processor into 32 bit or 64 bit protected mode, display Boot menu if multiple operating systems are installed, and start NTLDR if you have Windows XP or earlier operating system.

  • Bootmgr.exe transfer control to Winload.exe if you are starting computer from turned off position or it calls for winresume.exe if you are returning from hibernation.

  • Winload.exe initializes memory and load drivers for hardware components. Winload.exe then transfer the control to the kernel of the operating system that is ntoskrnl.exe

  • The kernel initializes and higher level driver and services are loaded. During this phase you see graphic mode initialized by Smss.exe session manager.

  • Finally operating system display logon screen and user are prompted to authenticate.

  • Windows Startup and Recovery Options

  • When Windows 8 fails to start correctly, it provides following startup recovery tools such as

  • Windows RE (Recovery Environment) is recovery platform based on Windows PE (Pre-installation Environment).

  • Windows RE diagnoses and repairs startup problems automatically and it provides a centralized platform for additional advance recovery tools.


Exercise Windows RE (Recovery Environment)

  • Insert the Media DVD that contains Windows 8 Operating System.

  • Restart the computer and make necessary changes in BIOS and set the boot disk priorities to start form DVD Rom drive.

  • After computer perform POST, when you see the Press any key to boot from CD or DVD message, press Spacebar. Setup loads.

  • When prompted, in the Windows Setup dialog box, click Next.

  • On the Windows Setup page, click Repair your computer link.

  • On the Choose an option page, click Troubleshoot.

  • On the Troubleshoot page, click Advanced options.

  • On the Advanced Options page, click Command Prompt.

  • At the Command Prompt, type bcdedit /enum, and then press Enter. This command lists entries in store that is used to describe boot applications and boot application settings.

  • At the Command Prompt, type Bootrec /scanos, and then press Enter. This command will take some time, it scans disks for installations compatible with Windows 8. This option displays installations not listed by bcdedit /enum. You can use the /RebuildBcd to add the missing installations to the boot store.

  • At the Command Prompt, type diskpart, and then press Enter. This command will provides functionality for adding and deleting partitions in recovery environment. If you notice command prompt will change to DISKPART>

  • At the DISKPART Prompt, type list disk, and then press Enter. This command will display hard disk detail.

  • At the DISKPART Prompt, type list volume, and then press Enter. This command will display volume. If you notice there are multiple volumes.

  • At the DISKPART Prompt, type exit, and then press Enter. This command comes out of DISKPART to DVD drive prompt.

  • At the Command Prompt, type exit, and then press Enter.

  • On the Choose an option page, click Troubleshoot.

  • On the Troubleshoot page, click Advanced options.

  • On the Advanced Options page, click Automatic Repair.

  • On the Automatic Repair page, click Windows 8. Automatic repair starts diagnosing your PC. Perform step thereafter as specified.

  • On the Automatic Repair page, click Advanced options.

  • On the Choose an option page, click Continue. Windows starts normally.

  • Windows RE provides six tools that can be used recover your computerís startup environment.

  • Refresh your PC

  • Reset Your PC

  • System Image Recovery

  • Automatic Repair

  • Command Prompt

  • System Restore


Exercise - Windows RE

  • Press Windows Key or Select Start and type Advanced and select Settings and select Advanced Startup Options. or

  • Press Windows Key and in Start screen, move to Charm bar and bottom option Change PC settings or press Windows + I key

  • This will open up PC Setting - click on General option in left penal and scroll down it will show you following options

  • Refresh your PC

  • Reset your PC

  • Advance Troubleshoot


Refresh your PC

  • If your Computer isnít running well, you can refresh without losing your data.

  • This option enables you to retain your personal data, apps, Videos, Music and settings but replaces the Windows 8 operating system.

  • This is useful when it is important to retain user-related files and settings, but you do not have the time to determine the specific cause of a startup problem or resolve it.

  • During the refresh your PC operation file associations, display settings, and Windows Firewall settings are not restored, you need to set those option again.

  • Apps from Windows store will be kept.

  • Apps installed from CDs, DVDs or websites will be removed and a list of removed apps will be saved on your desktop.

  • It will take quite a good time, restart computer two times and finally it will refresh your PC.

Reset your PC

  • This option removes all user data, settings, apps and then reinstalls Windows.

  • You should select this option when there is no need to retain user data or settings.

  • This option will reset computer to the defaults factory settings.


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